Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire

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The publication of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (Melzack, 1975) represented a major (r)evolution in pain research. The MPQ may be used for a standard registration and evaluation of the complaints of pain in a patient. Furthermore, it can also be used for diagnostics and to control the effects of therapies and/ or pain relief in individual patients.

The short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is a shorter version of the original MPQ, and was developed later in 1987.

The measure is calculated by summing the point values for responses to 15 questions.

  • Questions 1-11 deal with the sensory dimension of pain (i.e., the quality of the pain).
  • Questions 12-15 deal with the affective dimension of pain (i.e., how the pain affects you).

In addition, there is a visual analogue scale for pain and a final question about pain intensity. Higher scores generally correspond to an worsened subjective experience of pain.

The SF-MPQ has been developed mainly for adults with chronic pain, including pain due to rheumatic conditions.

Use the following EVALUATION FORM to evaluate your patient and PRINT THE FORM when the evaluation is completed.


  • Melzack, Ronald. “The short-form McGill pain questionnaire.” Pain 30.2 (1987): 191-197.
  • Hawker, Gillian A., et al. “Measures of adult pain: Visual analog scale for pain (vas pain), numeric rating scale for pain (nrs pain), mcgill pain questionnaire (mpq), short‐form mcgill pain questionnaire (sf‐mpq), chronic pain grade scale (cpgs), short form‐36 bodily pain scale (sf‐36 bps), and measure of intermittent and constant osteoarthritis pain (icoap).” Arthritis care & research 63.S11 (2011): S240-S252.
  • Strand, Liv Inger, et al. “The Short‐Form McGill Pain Questionnaire as an outcome measure: Test–retest reliability and responsiveness to change.” European Journal of Pain 12.7 (2008): 917-925.
  • Grafton, Kate V., Nadine E. Foster, and Christine C. Wright. “Test-retest reliability of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire: assessment of intraclass correlation coefficients and limits of agreement in patients with osteoarthritis.” The Clinical journal of pain 21.1 (2005): 73-82.
  • Wright, Kristi D., Gordon JG Asmundson, and Donald R. McCreary. “Factorial validity of the short‐form McGill pain questionnaire (SF‐MPQ).” European Journal of Pain 5.3 (2001): 279-284.
  • Trudeau et al., “Validation of the revised short form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ-2) for self-report of pain qualities in patients with acute low back pain”, The Journal of Pain, Volume 13, Issue 4, Supplement, April 2012, Pages S4 .
  • Farhad Abelmanesh:’’Reliability, Validity, and Sensitivity Measures of Expanded and Revised Version of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire in Iranian Patients with Neuropathic and Non-Neuropathic Pain’’, Pain Medicine,2012.

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